Protected Area Wise Distribution of Critical Tiger Habitat

Tiger is a territorial animal, partial overlaps of resident male territories in an area also occur.  Several female territories do occur in an overlapping manner within the territory of a male tiger. Study and analysis of available research data on tiger ecology indicates that the minimum population of tigresses in breeding age, which are needed to maintain a viable population of 80-100 Tigers in and around core area requires an inviolate space of 800-1000 Sq.Km. Tiger being “Umbrella Species” this will also ensure viable population of other wild animals like co predators and prey species thereby ensuring the ecological viability of the entire area/Habitat.  This necessitates the creation of buffer area.  The buffer area absorbs “shock” of poaching pressure on population of tiger and other wild animals. In case of severe habitat depletion in buffer areas the source population would get targeted and eventually be decimated

Sr.no. Particulars Reserve Forest in Sq.Km. P.F.In Sq.Km. Non forest area in Sq.Km Total area in Sq.Km.
1 Gugamal National Park
361.28
-
-
361.28
2 Melghat Sanctuary
767.36
21.39
788.75
3 Wan Sanctuary
205.86
5.14
211.00
4 Ambabarwa Sanctury
102.10
22.62
2.39
127.11
5 Narnala Sanctuary
12.35
12.35
Total
144.95
22.65
28.92
1500.49

Details of Forest Division,Forest Area and number of Villages are as follows:

Sr No Name of the Forest Division Forest area Non Forest area Total area No. of Villages
1 Sipna Wildlilfe Division, Paratwada 31879.96 3622.14 35502.10 25
2 Gugamal Wildlilfe Division, Paratwada 15261.13 2092.96 17354.09 14
3 West Melghat forest Division, Paratwada 22046.62 2337.46 24384.08 12
4 East Melghat forest Division, Paratwada 17508.85 4807.98 22316.83 23
5 Akola forest Division, Akola. 1932.43 15967.48 17899.91 35
6 Buldhana forest Division, Buldhana. 3436.50 5910.16 9346.66 09
  Total 92065.49 34738.18 126803.67 118
Official Website of Melghat Tiger Project, Amravati