Values of Melghat Tiger Reserve

1.Treasure of rich and varied “Bio-diversity” and “Gene-pool.”
More than 769 species of plant, 265 species of birds, 37species of mammals, several of reptiles, insects, butterflies etc.
Flagship species, Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Gaur and Flying Squirrel.
IUCN Red Data List species, Panthera tigris,
Panthera pardus, Cuon alpinus. Vulpes bengalensis, Melurus ursinus, Felis caracal and Mellivcora capensis. Refuge to 45-50 Tigers (30% of the total Tiger population of Maharashtra)
IUCN global IBA (Important Bird Area) category. Lesser Kestrel, Forest owlet Crimson Fronted Barbet, Malabar whistling thrush, White backed vulture and long billed vulture. Flora

Temperate species: Geranium mascatense, Senecio chrysanthemoides, Peristyluys constrictus, Apium graveolens.
Endemic species: Achyranthes coynei, Ceropegia oculata Aquatic species. Ceratophyllum demersum, Hydrilla verticillata, Aeschynomene indica, Sesbania bispinosa, Smithia conferta.
Orchids: Vanda tessellata, Aerides Maculosum, Habenaria 
grandifloriformis, H. roxburghii, H. plantaginea.
Rare Species: Convolvulus flavus, Utricularia striatula, Drosera indica.

2.Ecologically sensitive and provider of basic life support systems in terms of soil, water and clean air.
Catchment area of Tapi and Purna river systems with major tributaries like Gadga, Sipna, Khandu, Dolar, Wan, Khapra etc. flowing through the area. Soil conservation values, acts as carbon sink, and also enhances lifeline for the people of Amravati and Akola as it provides water and fertile top soil. (The total environmental value of MTR works out to be an astronomical Rs. 1,29,000 crores)
3.Economically very valuable and productive forests.
Timber, fuel wood, bamboo, medicinal plants, NTFPs, value works out to be Rs. 5870 crores Employment Potential for about 10, 00,000 man days per year for local people throughout the year.
4.High potential for scientific research and study
Scope for research on rare and medicinal plants, wild animals, their inter relationships, Pre-predator relationship, ecological dynamic etc. 61 vegetation monitoring plots in the area apart from silvicultural plots. 23 technical bulletins published and ongoing work on 5 Major mammal’s viz. Sloth bear, Bison, Wild dogs, Hyena and Chowsinga.
5.Scope for Nature education and values of natural Ecosystem.
Nature interpretation with 4 interpretation centers at Semadoh, Amravati, Harisal and Gullarghat having different themes, conservation awareness and education, ethno botany with tremendous scope for compilation of Indigenous technical knowledge (ITK)
6.Conceptually designed well protected core.
Ideal example of a protected area with a completely undisturbed real core of 361 Sq.km. surrounded by a large buffer. The exclusion of all biotic interference from the core has resulted in making it a real benchmark for providing comparison with other PAs as envisaged in the National Wildlife Action Plan 1983. 
7.Eco- tourism
Wilderness experience, bird watching, observing wild animal, nature photography and trekking. Important destination on the tourist itinerary of Maharashtra. Visited by more than 30,000 Indian and foreign visitors every year. Though this number is well below its potential.
8.Physical
Scenic landscape, geological features typical of Satpudas.
9.Cultural
Home to more than 27000 tribals (Korku, Gaoli and Nihal) provides unique opportunity to get an insight into the eco-friendly tribal tribal culture, the Korkus being one of the few tribes who worship Tiger as a God.
10.Religious
Temples like Dhargad temple, Dolaram baba temple, Narnala shrine.
11.Historical
Narnala fort, Gavilgarh fort of archeological importance in the vicinity of MTR, Rest houses of British era like Rangubeli, Chunkhadi, Tarubanda, Dhargad, Dhakna, etc. Area visited by famous naturalists like Dunbar Brander and Captain J. Forsyth who made important observations about wild animal behavior like reporting herds of up to 40 wild dogs, explanation of biological control of langur population etc. History of scientific forest management since 1893 when the first Working plan was written.
12.Unique and enchanting topographical diversity
The first, the oldest and the largest Tiger Reserve of Maharashtra, unique blending of multiple high hills and deep valleys with terrain and vegetation changing at close intervals. Melghat means where the hills meet.

Official Website of Melghat Tiger Project, Amravati